What antibiotics are safe for animals?

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Vladimir Quitzon asked a question: What antibiotics are safe for animals?
Asked By: Vladimir Quitzon
Date created: Thu, Jan 28, 2021 6:04 PM
Date updated: Fri, Sep 30, 2022 9:17 AM

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  • Studies have shown that: Antibiotic use in food animals allows antibiotic-resistant bacteria to grow and crowd out the bacteria that do respond to antibiotics; Resistant bacteria can contaminate food from the animals; and. Resistant bacteria in food can cause infections in humans.
  • Common antibiotic medications for pets include: Enrofloxacin (Baytril) - respiratory, skin, and urinary tract infections. Amoxicillin/Clavulanic acid (Clavamox) - wounds, respiratory infections, skin infections. Metronidazole (Flagyl) - gastrointestinal upsets, periodontal disease.

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Many antibiotics important to human medicine are not used in animals. Additionally, there are other antibiotic classes used in animal medicine (e.g., ionophores) that are not used, nor are they important to human medicine. A separate listing of antibiotic classes important to animal medicine has been defined by the OIE.

According to revised guidance, FDA does not permit using antibiotics for growth promotion in animals. Why does using antibiotics require cautiousness? With the prolonged or high-dose use of antibiotics in humans or animals (and via the general nature of bacteria for survival), bacteria can evolve to be resistant to antibiotics over time. These resistant bacteria are often called “superbugs,” and they can lead to serious infections and diseases.

Enrofloxacin —Enrofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic. It is prescribed to treat infections of the urinary tract, skin, prostate, lungs, gastrointestinal system, and liver. Metronidazole —Metronidazole is a go-to antibiotic for treating cats with periodontal disease, though it also is effective against gastrointestinal infections.

Antibiotics help make food safe by keeping animals healthy and reducing bacteria entering the food supply. We are confident in the safety of food from animals treated with antibiotics because the Food and Drug Administration has a rigorous approval process for animal medicine, just as it does for human medicine. The FDA not only examines a drug’s effectiveness, but also confirms that meat, milk and eggs from animals treated with an antibiotic are safe for us to consume.

There are several reasons why animals may not get better while taking antibiotics. 1. Incorrect diagnosis. Only bacterial infections respond to antibiotics, so it is important to be sure that the disease process is actually caused by bacteria. Diseases caused by viruses, fungi, and cancer will not respond to antibiotics.

Antibiotic residue refers to molecules that remain in meat from animals that have been treated with antibiotics. There are multiple safeguards in place to ensure meat is safe and does not contain antibiotic residues, including mandatory antibiotic withdrawal periods in animals and routine testing of meat, milk and eggs by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and food companies.

Antimicrobial agents that have been shown to be safe for use during pregnancy include betalactams, macrolides, and lincosamides. Pharmacotherapy during pregnancy in all species may affect adversely the developing fetus; therefore, it should be avoided when possible. 1.

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