What happens in the brain that causes autism?

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Video answer: What causes autism? | child psychology

What causes autism? | child psychology

Top best answers to the question «What happens in the brain that causes autism»

In the autistic brain, the brain reduced connectivity, known as hypoconnectivity, allows weakly connected regions to drift apart, with sulci forming between them.” Research has shown the deeper theses sulcal pits are, the more language production is affected.

Video answer: The brain of an autistic child temple grandin

The brain of an autistic child temple grandin

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The corpus callosum contains many of the long-range connections that extend throughout the brain; the fact that disrupting those connections may lead to autism traits supports the connectivity theory of autism. Preschoolers with autism show significant differences in the structure of multiple white-matter tracts, according to a 2020 study.

Autism is a brain disorder that affects how people interact with others. It occupies a spectrum, with severe autism at one end and high-functioning autism at the other. People with severe autism usually have intellectual impairments and little spoken language.

Still, autism does have local effects: Different regions of the brain contribute uniquely to autism’s impact on cognition, emotion and behavior. In this special report, we detail the regional consequences of autism, one brain area at a time. Studies of the hippocampus, for example, may help explain the uneven effects of autism on memory.

Some studies show that individuals with autism have hyper-activity (or more activity) in this brain region compared to their typically developing peers (Dichter et al., 2009; Belmonte et al., 2010).

In other words, in autism, the brain finds it harder to switch between processes. In those with autism, brain connections remained synchronized for up 20 seconds, while they disappeared faster in...

A newly published brain-tissue study suggests that children affected by autism have a surplus of synapses, or connections between brain cells. The excess is due to a slowdown in the normal pruning process that occurs during brain development, the researchers say.

A great deal of evidence supports the idea that genes are one of the main causes of or a major contributor to ASD. More than 100 genes on different chromosomes may be involved in causing ASD, to different degrees. 3, 4. Many people with autism have slight changes, called mutations, in many of these genes.

Research suggests that autism develops from a combination of genetic and nongenetic, or environmental, influences. These influences appear to increase the risk that a child will develop autism. However, it’s important to keep in mind that increased risk is not the same as cause.

In general, individuals with autism spectrum disorder have certain characteristics in the neurobiology of their brain including in the way that the brain is structured, how it functions, and the...

“In fact, it has been proposed that strongly connected cortical regions are pulled together during development, with gyri forming in between. In the autistic brain, the brain reduced connectivity, known as hypoconnectivity, allows weakly connected regions to drift apart, with sulci forming between them.”

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