When hiv mutates to a particular drug it causes?

Giovanna Hoppe asked a question: When hiv mutates to a particular drug it causes?
Asked By: Giovanna Hoppe
Date created: Mon, Jan 11, 2021 4:46 AM
Date updated: Sat, May 14, 2022 6:00 PM


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Top best answers to the question «When hiv mutates to a particular drug it causes»

Acquired HIV drug resistance can happen when a person has HIV that is replicating (making copies of itself), but is also taking a particular antiretroviral medication. HIV can mutate “around” that medication. This will result in HIV being resistant to the medications and those medications now being ineffective.


Those who are looking for an answer to the question «When hiv mutates to a particular drug it causes?» often ask the following questions:

⚕ What happens when a virus mutates?

As a virus replicates, its genes undergo random “copying errors” (i.e. genetic mutations). Over time, these genetic copying errors can, among other changes to the virus, lead to alterations in the virus' surface proteins or antigens. Our immune system uses these antigens to recognize and fight the virus.

⚕ What drugs in particular causes burning tongue?

However, there is one specific class of medication that has been linked to burning mouth syndrome: high blood pressure medications, including ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers like eprosartan, enalapril, and lisinopril (Source).

⚕ A person may experience cross-tolerance to a particular drug when?

Cross-tolerance is a phenomenon that occurs when tolerance to the effects of a certain drug produces tolerance to another drug. It often happens between two drugs with similar functions or effects—for example, acting on the same cell receptor or affecting the transmission of certain neurotransmitters.

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10 other answers

Changes (mutations) in the virus cause resistance. HIV mutates almost every time a new copy is made. Not every mutation causes resistance. The "wild type" virus is the most common form of HIV. Anything different from the wild type is considered a mutation. An antiretroviral drug (ARV) won?t control a virus that is resistant to it. It can "escape" from the drug. If you keep taking the drug, the resistant virus will multiply the fastest. This is called "selective pressure."

Once a person gets HIV, the virus begins to multiply in the body. As HIV multiplies, it sometimes changes form (mutates). Some HIV mutations that develop while a person is taking HIV medicines can lead to drug-resistant HIV. Once drug resistance develops, HIV medicines that previously controlled the person’s HIV are no longer effective.

With HIV, drug resistance is caused by changes (mutations) in the virus’s genetic structure. These mutations can lead to changes in certain proteins, most commonly enzymes, which help HIV reproduce (replicate). Mutations are very common in HIV.

What causes drug resistance in HIV? HIV is constantly multiplying, or making copies of itself. But when HIV multiplies, it often makes mistakes copying its genetic blueprint (RNA and DNA), errors which are caused by the HIVenzyme reverse transcriptase. Some of these mistakes, called mutations, can make HIV resistant to one or more ARV drug.

.•AMR occurs when a pathogen that used to be susceptible to a particular type of drug mutates in a way that makes the drug ineffective .•The misuse and overuse of antibiotics are driving the development of AM

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) changes (mutates) often. Sometimes these changes make the virus resistant to a particular medicine or class of medicines, which means the medicine is no longer effective against the virus. When this happens, the medicine no longer controls virus growth (replication) or protects the immune system.

HIV: the ultimate evolver. Evolutionary biologists can help uncover clues to new ways to treat or vaccinate against HIV. These clues emerge from the evolutionary origins of the virus, how human populations have evolved under pressure from other deadly pathogens, and how the virus evolves resistance to the drugs we've designed.

HIV is an infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which is transmitted through blood, semen, and certain other bodily fluids. For this reason, the primary risk factors for infection are related to lifestyle behaviors such as having unprotected sex and sharing needles to inject recreational drugs. The virus also can be passed from a mother to her baby during pregnancy ...

Quoting: "City health officials estimated that half of the city's 200,000 intravenous drug users were infected with the virus that causes AIDS". The study "HIV-1 Infection Among Intravenous Drug Users in Manhattan, New York City, from 1977 through 1987", published in February 1989, seeks to understand long term trends in the spread of HIV among ...

the immune response elicited by the first exposure of lymphocytes to a particular antigen. When a B cell first interacts with its particular antigen, the B cell. A) engulfs the antigen and digests it. B) differentiates and develops into a clone of antibody-producing effector cells. C) dies after destroying the antigen.

Your Answer

We've handpicked 26 related questions for you, similar to «When hiv mutates to a particular drug it causes?» so you can surely find the answer!

What causes drug sensitivity?

A number of factors influence your chances of having an adverse reaction to a medication. These include: body size, genetics, body chemistry or the presence of an underlying disease. Also, having an allergy to one drug predisposes one to have an allergy to another unrelated drug.

What causes drug shortages?

Drug shortages are caused by many factors, including difficulties in acquiring raw materials, manufacturing problems, regulatory issues, and business decisions, as well as many other disturbances within the supply chain.

What causes drug tolerance?

Tolerance can develop to a drug after multiple exposures. The word drug, in this sense, is used broadly: any substance that changes the body chemistry. This includes both drugs of abuse (such as nicotine or cocaine) and therapeutic drugs (such as antihistamines or sleep aid medication).

What causes drug trafficking?

The supply of drugs is also a major cause of drug trafficking. Mexico is the number one supplier of drugs in the United States. According to the Mexican government, Mexico is responsible for supplying 63 percent of heroin , 90 percent of meth, and 40 percent of marijuana to the United States.

What drug causes asystole?

Asystole is caused by a glitch in your heart’s electrical system. You can get a ventricular arrhythmia when the signals are off. That’s when your lower chambers don’t beat the right way. So your...

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Hepatitis b: treatment and care for a chronic condition What drug causes breakouts?

Drug-induced acne, or drug-induced acneiform eruption, is an adverse effect of a series of systemic drugs, such as corticosteroids, lithium, vitamin B12, thyroid hormones, halogen compounds (iodine, bromine, fluorine, and chlorine), antibiotics (tetracycline and streptomycin), antituberculosis drugs (INH), lithium ...

What drug causes bronchodilation?

The 3 most widely used bronchodilators are:

  • beta-2 agonists, such as salbutamol, salmeterol, formoterol and vilanterol.
  • anticholinergics, such as ipratropium, tiotropium, aclidinium and glycopyrronium.
  • theophylline.

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Criminal history of fauci and birx as told by dr robert willner (1994) who revealed the hiv hoax! What drug causes cottonmouth?

12 medications that cause dry mouth

  • Alzheimer's disease medications…
  • Anticholinergics…
  • Antidepressants…
  • Antihistamines…
  • Antipsychotics…
  • Benzodiazepines…
  • Blood pressure & heart medications…
  • Decongestants.
What drug causes dizziness?

Drugs That Might Be the Cause of Your Dizziness Anticonvulsants. Used for: Bipolar disorder, diabetic neuropathy, epilepsy, and fibromyalgia. Examples: Divalproex... Antidepressants. Used for: Depression and anxiety. Examples: Fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), and trazodone... Blood Pressure ...

What drug causes erections?

Thiazides are the most common cause of erectile dysfunction among the high blood pressure medicines. The next most common cause is beta blockers....Parkinson disease medicines:

  • Benztropine (Cogentin)
  • Biperiden (Akineton)
  • Bromocriptine (Parlodel)
  • Levodopa (Sinemet)
  • Procyclidine (Kemadrin)
  • Trihexyphenidyl (Artane)

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How do you know if you have a sexually transmitted infection (sti)? What drug causes excoriations?

Paroxetine (Paxil, Paxil CR, Pexeva) Paroxetine is a potent selective inhibitor of neuronal serotonin reuptake.

What drug causes flushing?

Common medications that trigger a flushing reaction include nicotinic acid (niacin), vasodilators, calcium channel blockers, nitroglycerin, anti-inflammatories, cholinergics, beta blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

What drug causes glossitis?

Various drugs which can cause glossitis are: antibiotics, corticosteroids, methotrezole, and tricyclic antidepressants [15,16].

What drug causes heat?

Some drugs both increase heat production and decrease blood flow to your skin: recreactional drugs (including amphetamines, MDMA, methamphetamine, PCP, bath salts, and other stimulants).

What drug causes hirsutism?

Many drugs can cause hirsutism: androgens, glucocorticosteroids, progestins, estrogen antagonists (clomiphene, tamoxifen), minoxidil, cyclosporine, danazol, diazoxide, phenytoin, D-penicillamine, and interferon.

What drug causes hives?

Almost any drug can cause a rash. But antibiotics (especially penicillins and sulfa drugs), NSAIDs, and anti-seizure drugs are the most common drugs to cause a rash.

What drug causes hypermagnesemia?

Hypermagnesemia can develop after treatment of drug overdoses with magnesium-containing cathartics, and it also occurs in patients taking magnesium-containing medications for therapeutic purposes [16, 17] ; however, most of these patients have normal renal function.

What drug causes hyperthermia?

Currently, the most frequently abused amphetamine derivative, 3,4 -methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Ecstasy), produces numerous toxic side effects of which hyperthermia is perhaps the most serious. Cocaine is another commonly used recreational drug that has a propensity to cause hyperthermia.

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Receding hairline in men || causes of receding hairline in men || causes of hairloss in men || dht What drug causes hyperthyroidism?

Drugs and iodine can cause hyperthyroidism. Drugs include amiodarone, interferon-alpha, programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) inhibitors (such as nivolumab and pembrolizumab), alemtuzumab, and, rarely, lithium.

What drug causes hypothermia?

Hypothermia may be related to drug administration; such medications include beta-blockers, clonidine, meperidine, neuroleptics, and general anesthetic agents. Ethanol, phenothiazines, and sedative-hypnotics also reduce the body's ability to respond to low ambient temperatures.

What drug causes liver?

Drugs That Can Damage the Liver

Type of DrugExamples
Antipsychotic drugsPhenothiazines such as chlorpromazine Risperidone
Heart drugsAmiodarone Clopidogrel
Hormones and related drugsAnabolic steroids Birth control pills (oral contraceptives) Estrogens
Pain relieversAcetaminophen NSAIDs
What drug causes lockjaw?

Medication. Some medications can affect nerve function and may predispose or cause lockjaw. 9 Reglan (metoclopramide) and some antipsychotic medications are the most common culprits.

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