Why are iv antibiotics given?

Jazmin Lebsack asked a question: Why are iv antibiotics given?
Asked By: Jazmin Lebsack
Date created: Wed, Jan 20, 2021 6:28 AM
Date updated: Sat, Dec 3, 2022 11:22 PM


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Why are antibiotics given IV?

  • The antibiotics are given by intravenous in order to ensure they get into the blood system quickly and efficiently. IV Fluids. Antibiotics alone won’t treat sepsis; fluids are also needed. The body needs extra fluids to help keep the blood pressure from dropping dangerously low, throwing the patient into shock.

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Antibiotics are used to treat infectious diseases by killing or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms. Antibiotics may be administered orally, intravenously or intramuscularly.

Intravenous (IV) administration of antibiotics is a rapid and effective means to reach systemically therapeutic levels of medication, usually adequate to effectively fight an infection.

Intravenous antibiotics are overused in hospitals. Many infections can be managed with oral antibiotics. Oral antibiotics avoid the adverse effects of intravenous administration. They are also usually less expensive.

Most people are familiar with the use of IV therapy in delivering chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer. However, IV therapy is often used for the delivery of antibiotics to treat bacteria infections, such as for wound care, pneumonia, upper respiratory infections, and severe skin infections.

According to the National Library of Medicine, IV antibiotics are often used for bacterial infections in the lungs, hearts, bones, soft tissue, and brain. They can be used to treat bacterial infections that are resistant to traditional oral medications.

Antibiotics are critical medicines and should be given within 1 hour of sepsis diagnosis. Please endeavour to take blood cultures before IV antibiotics are administered. During COVID-19 pandemic, bolus administration (where possible) and use of gravity infusions (using drip rate count and no pump) may become necessary.

Answer: We use intravenous antibiotics for very severe infections, such as sepsis because intravenous antibiotics reach tissues faster and at higher concentrations than oral antibiotics.

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